South Pole


Station Name Station Code Latitude Longitude Elevation (m)
South Pole SPO 90 °S 0 ° 2810

Description

In-situ CO2, flask CO2, and isotopic data sets taken at the South Pole: Latitude 90.0°S Elevation 2810m.

These data are subject to revision based on recalibration of standard gases.


Individual Data sets


Merged In Situ and Flask CO2 Data

Measurement Frequency Data File Dates
CO2 daily daily_flask_co2_spo.csv 1957 - present
CO2 monthly monthly_flask_co2_spo.csv 1957 - present

Flask Isotopic Data

Measurement Frequency Data File Dates
13C/12C daily daily_flask_c13_spo.csv 1977 - present
13C/12C monthly monthly_flask_c13_spo.csv 1977 - 2013
14C/C intermittent intermittent_flask_c14_spo.csv 1999 - 2007
18O/16O daily daily_flask_o18_spo.csv 1977 - present
18O/16O monthly monthly_flask_o18_spo.csv 1977 - present

Citation

Please cite as:

C. D. Keeling, S. C. Piper, R. B. Bacastow, M. Wahlen, T. P. Whorf, M. Heimann, and H. A. Meijer, Exchanges of atmospheric CO2 and 13CO2 with the terrestrial biosphere and oceans from 1978 to 2000. I. Global aspects, SIO Reference Series, No. 01-06, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, San Diego, 88 pages, 2001.

If it is necessary to cite a peer-reviewed article, please cite as:

C. D. Keeling, S. C. Piper, R. B. Bacastow, M. Wahlen, T. P. Whorf, M. Heimann, and H. A. Meijer, Atmospheric CO2 and 13CO2 exchange with the terrestrial biosphere and oceans from 1978 to 2000: observations and carbon cycle implications, pages 83-113, in "A History of Atmospheric CO2 and its effects on Plants, Animals, and Ecosystems", editors, Ehleringer, J.R., T. E. Cerling, M. D. Dearing, Springer Verlag, New York, 2005.