Cape Kumukahi, Hawaii


Station Name Station Code Latitude Longitude Elevation (m)
Cape Kumukahi, Hawaii KUM 19.5 °N 154.8 °W 3

Description

Flask CO2 and isotopic data sets taken at Cape Kumukahi, Hawaii: Latitude 19.5°N Longitude 154.8°W Elevation 3m.

These data are subject to revision based on recalibration of standard gases.


Individual Data sets


Flask CO2 Data

Measurement Frequency Data File Dates
CO2 daily daily_flask_co2_kum.csv 1979 - present
CO2 monthly monthly_flask_co2_kum.csv 1979 - present

Flask Isotopic Data

Measurement Frequency Data File Dates
13C/12C daily daily_flask_c13_kum.csv 1980 - present
13C/12C monthly monthly_flask_c13_kum.csv 1980 - present
14C/C intermittent intermittent_flask_c14_kum.csv 2001 - 2007
18O/16O daily daily_flask_o18_kum.csv 1980 - present
18O/16O monthly monthly_flask_o18_kum.csv 1980 - present

Citation

Please cite as:

C. D. Keeling, S. C. Piper, R. B. Bacastow, M. Wahlen, T. P. Whorf, M. Heimann, and H. A. Meijer, Exchanges of atmospheric CO2 and 13CO2 with the terrestrial biosphere and oceans from 1978 to 2000. I. Global aspects, SIO Reference Series, No. 01-06, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, San Diego, 88 pages, 2001.

If it is necessary to cite a peer-reviewed article, please cite as:

C. D. Keeling, S. C. Piper, R. B. Bacastow, M. Wahlen, T. P. Whorf, M. Heimann, and H. A. Meijer, Atmospheric CO2 and 13CO2 exchange with the terrestrial biosphere and oceans from 1978 to 2000: observations and carbon cycle implications, pages 83-113, in "A History of Atmospheric CO2 and its effects on Plants, Animals, and Ecosystems", editors, Ehleringer, J.R., T. E. Cerling, M. D. Dearing, Springer Verlag, New York, 2005.